Stalin acted as Lenin’s connection with the outside world and he visited him a lot. It is an incredible burden'. They all thought that they were deserving candidates with so thinking that they were untouchable and were destined to lead USSR . They all wanted different kinds of government for Russia, thus not having a common aim. Stalin was to be Trotsky’s most fierce competitor, but at that time there were others including Lev Kamenev and G.E.Zinoviev who were close to Lenin during the revolution and had aided him greatly so they too were seen as competitors. Trotsky was one of Stalin’s major competitors for the title of all ruling leader, however even he could not stop this man of steel, a name that Stalin quite fittingly gave to himself as he joined the party. Prioritisation of world revolution (particularly by Trotsky) and criticism of the bureaucratisation of the party were also concerns of the left, but the NEP is the main issue. Spellbound. He was liked by the people of Russia and was the genious behind the Red Army in the Civil War. The main reason for this was to make life harder for Trotsky. Trotsky was an extremely clever man and a great writer. In this essay, I will explain the many reasons why Stalin won the struggle for power. A Historiographical Debate. However he wasn't fully communist and his commitment must be questioned. In 1921 Stalin helped plan the invasion of Georgia which was the source for his negative policies towards the country. Revision tasks included. Throughout the summer of 1923, Lenin lay close to death, and a lull settled over the political struggle. Stalin’s command would prove one of the goriest recorded in history. Though, Lenin was also rude to his colleagues that he found incompetent. Secondly, the alliances allowed Stalin to deal with his opponents in turn: in 1924, the Triumvirate was able to defeat Trotsky; in 1927, The Duumvirate dealt with Zinoviev and Kamenev. Why Stalin was Able to Win the Power Struggle with Trotsky 1659 Words | 7 Pages. Downloaded 70 times. Lenin described him as being over confidant, similarly to a number of historians who pointed out that Trotsky simply assumed he would automatically be Lenin's successor. The job description for the General Secreatary was to organise such matters. At times, their situation seemed hopeless. e.g. Why Did Stalin Win The Struggle For Power?. This led to misconceptions in... ...How did Joseph Stalin Rise to Power? How Russia went from a workers' state to state capitalism Why did Stalin rise to power? ESSAY 1,Why did Stalin win the struggle for the Lenin succession. This ban caused a lack of debate within the party. ...The factors that contributed to Stalin becoming the next leader are plentiful and can mostly be divided into Stalin’s own strengths and the weaknesses of his most important rival, Trotsky. Stalin’s race to become the all mighty ruler fully started after Lenin died of a stroke on the 21st of January 1924. After Lenin's death Trotsky made mistakes which allowed Stalin to win the struggle for power. Nothing Lenin said or did mattered either- Lenin had been cut off from power long before he actually died. In 1925, Trotsky was forced to resign as Commissar for War. In simple terms: 1. the Left desired rapid industrialisation and collectivisation of agriculture: in other words, the abandonment of the NEP. or Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Riefenstahl - The Propagandist or Artist? Trotsky considered Stalin to be a man of only "moderate talents" and it was because of this that he didn't take Stalin's attempts to obtain power seriously. Traditionally Communists did not believe in bureaucracy. What was the struggle for power after Lenin's death about? Get Full Access Now Essay 2999 Words | 12 Pages. Why did Stalin win the struggle for power, 1924-1929? Stalin was a very shrewd manipulator. 9 years ago. When Lenin died, he left no clear successor to lead the Communist Party. Trotsky was away in the Caucasus that month, and Stalin telegraphed him and said that the funeral would be held immediately, so there was no point in undertaking the long trip back to Moscow. Anybody that didn't agree with this would be discluded by Stalin himself. The publication of the letter was published straight after Lenin's death and therefore led readers of the "Pravda" to believe that Trotsky was attacking Lenin when the country were mourning their beloved leader. The combination of new Communist members being poorly educated and easy to control and Stalin's skills of manipulation meant his support base was ever growing, unlike his rivals'. They all thought that they were deserving candidates with so thinking that they were untouchable and were destined to lead USSR . The Russian Civil War raged from 1918 until the start of 1921. Trotsky seemed to hold the most powerful position, thanks to his close friendship with Lenin before the Soviet leader's strokes, but an opposition had already begun to emerge. The Bolsheviks, commonly known as the Reds, had one aim: to take over the current government and create a socialist Russia. Why Was Stalin Able to Defeat His Political Rivals so Easily in the Years 1924-29? He was ethnically Georgian, but Georgia was part of the Tsarist Russian Empire. Throughout the summer of 1923 it was apparent that Lenin’s reign was coming to an end and this overshadowed the political struggle however in the Politburo and central committee battle lines were forming. What was Stalin s position before 1924? Lenin didn’t like the policies which Stalin had towards Georgia. By 1929 one of these leaders, Stalin had become a dominant force. In 1921 the implementation of the Ban on Factionalism meant that if anyone was to disobey or not comply with official party policy were to be expelled, and this later would play a part in the power struggle.. On January 21, 1924, Lenin died. This essay will analyze Stalin’s rise to power through the study of four main elements, which can be denominated as situation in the USSR, Stalin’s personal strength, the weaknesses of Stalin’s enemies and the role of luck and opportunities. Learn more. Already have an account? Stalin did this by using his control of the party appointments to his advantage, as well as the 1921 ban on faction and the fears and jealousies within the party. The Bolsheviks were surrounded, and often outnumbered by their opponents. This meant that they never really took a different approach even though Stalin did. Nicholas Surry. During this time the Bolsheviks faced massive opposition to their rule in the form of the White Armies, led by the former officers of the Tsarist state, and also from intervention by the forces of foreign countries. Why did Stalin win the struggle for power, 1924-1929? But as Lenin’s condition grew worse, Stalin’s thirst for leadership began to bubble and he began showing signs of a dictator. First he tricked Trotsky into turning up to Lenin's funeral on a wrong later date. This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section. TurnItIn – the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? They were well organized, keeping strict control on their resources. Though Lenin was not worried about what his colleagues thought of him but more about the goal in hand. A fatal role in all this was played by Zinoviev and Kamenev, who were motivated by petty considerations of ambition and jealously to open up a campaign of calumny against Trotsky. 8 Answers. GCSE resources with teacher and student feedback, AS and A Level resources with teacher and student feedback, International Baccalaureate resources with teacher and student feedback, University resources with teacher and student feedback. He won the struggle due to a number of factors; the most significant of factors perhaps was not to do with his own strength but the weaknesses and fatal errors made by his worthy and perfectly capable opponents. By 1929 one of these leaders, Stalin had become a dominant force. 0 Like 0 Tweet. In my opinion, it was Trotsky's downfalls that secured Stalin's position of power. In fact, the only common aim they had was to defeat the Bolsheviks. By 1928, Stalin had assumed absolute power, ruling as an often brutal dictator until his death in 1953. This was due to the fact that Trotsky himself was sick and so he took a rest holiday in Sukhumi in the south of Russia. However he teamed up with Stalin during 1925. His success was the result of a power struggle. Trotsky had a number of strengths which Stalin lacked. Many believe Stalin’s rise to power began when he met Vladimir Lenin. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev all st… It also resulted in many expulsions: during the power struggles of the 1920s those who succeeded in getting their ideas accepted were quick to accuse their opponents of factionalism. Lenin practically disappeared from the Russian political life in 1922 because of his second stroke. Too many fatal mistakes were made by his rivals which seemed to happen at perfect timing. He very cleverly switched between the left wing and the right wing, by making alliances with one wing the suddenly breaking with them, only to join the other wing, going against everything that they had just achieved. fact that many of the other politicians were very straight forward and stuck to their principles. He was aware that failure to act quickly may encourage the Ras to act independently so on 24th October, in an attempt to reassure the extreme of the party he went public with his plans for an uprising. I believe that the centralised nature of the Communist party that begun under Lenin made it much more easy to control. After leaving school, Stalin went to a seminary. Why did Stalin win the struggle for power after Lenin’s death? He was only fifty-three. Not just the "guilty" but whole families. Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. In 1922 the leader of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union (CPSU), Vladimir Lenin, appointed Joseph Stalin as the General Secretary of the CPSU, which was a job that at the time no person with power wanted, so a … ...read more. Traditionally, the ideas of Communism oppose those of bureaucracy. However Trotsky didn't just remain silent on the matter, he also persuaded his supporters to keep Stalin as General Secretary. Bukharin became an enemy of Stalin in 1928 and delayed Bukharin's plane so he missed an important meeting. Bukharin was still regarded highly by the Party, even though his policies were rejected. The factories and industries were put into the hands of the workers. In a centralized one-party state, a man of Stalin’s ambitions who held so many key positions had an enormous advantage in the struggle for power. 3. During 1923-24 Bukharin was in the right wing (of communist ideas) but he didn't play a big role in the struggle for power. His violent childhood, misguided early life and the death of his first wife caused him to lose all sense of emotion turning him into a vicious competitor in the Communist Party. August 1, 2003 | Page 8. He told a large meeting of fascists from Southern Italy that "either. The publication of a letter Trotsky wrote to his friend in 1913 was also a major set back. Therefore Stalin constantly had the upper hand in political affairs. With Lenin gone, Stalin started to eliminate the other members of the Communist Party: Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Rykov, Tomsky and Bukharin. ... Why did Stalin 'win' the personal and policy 'battles'? Let us not forget that when Lenin wanted Stalin to be fired Zinoviev saved Stalin from getting the sack, meaning Stalin was in debt to Zinoviev. One of the most important reasons why Stalin won the power struggle is that he used his high positions in the Communist party and the power that came with it to his advantage. Stalin made Lenin's funeral the centre stage for his plotting. Factor 1: The Ban on Factionalism. Although Stalin would later be Trotsky's primary antagonist, for the moment the opposition included not only Stalin but also two other politicians: Lev Kamenev and G.E… Later Krupskaya stated: "All his life Vladimir Ilyich was against icons, and now they have turned him into an icon." First, the alliances allowed Stalin to stay in the background while the other contenders fought each other in public. A group of leaders emerged; a ‘collective leadership’. or. But how is it that Stalin emerged as the new leader of the Soviet Union. Keywords Job, Soviet Union, AIM, achieving, Stalin. The members were Stalin, Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Rykov and Tomsky. b. The power of the Bolsheviks were extremly uncertain (famine. In 1922 he was appointed general secretary of the Bolshevik party with the help of Lenin. After the revolution, the Bolsheviks (renamed the Russian The party decided to have a General Secretary... ...end grew nearer, there were five potential leaders, Bukharin, Kamenev, Zinoviev, Trotsky and Stalin. Secondly, Trotsky arose on the scene of the power struggle much earlier than Stalin, and allowed Stalin to bide his time and attack at his convenience. The letter spoke badly of Lenin as at the time the letter was written, Trotsky and Lenin were in opposing parties. c. Stalin’s position in the party Why Did Stalin Win The Struggle To Power? Alliances performed an extremely important role in the leadership struggle. Why did Stalin win the struggle to power? However, where Stalin was willing to abuse his powers within the state, Trotsky refused to abuse his power. To the general public, it appeared that Stalin was very close to Lenin, and as a result should become his successor. This victory can be attributed to the party’s aims, leadership, geography, and support. Why Stalin was Able to Win the Power Struggle with Trotsky The Bolsheviks, the ruling party of the Soviet Union, was lead by the Lenin. ...read more. Although Lenin was in power for only six years much change occurred during this time impacting on Russia and its people. Stalin made the first move by orating at Lenin’s funeral, establishing the link between him and Lenin. His success was the result of a power struggle. Answer Save. The defeat of the Right Deviation - Why did Stalin win the struggle for power? Factor 2: A Centralised Party Machine. In 1921 a resolution was passed banning all groups within the party from putting forward ideas that disagreed with the official party policy. When Lenin died in 1924 his most likely successor was Trotsky. It was not just Trotsky of the Communist Party that made fatal errors. Due to the lack of one leader, a group of strong figures emerged known as the "Collective Leadership". Stalin knocked out all other party members along the way even those who were considered to be his friend. They consisted of Tsarists who wanted the Tsar and the old system of government back, people that wanted a military dictatorship, and liberals that wanted a constitutional monarchy like that of Great Britain. the policies he introduced, or which became associated with his name, were "more in keeping with Soviet needs at the time than those of his rivals" (Laver). he described Stalin as ‘not being able to use power with sufficient caution’ and Trotsky for ‘excessive self assurance’. This could not remain however and one had to take the position as party leader, therefore resulting in the "struggle to power". Finally, Stalin’s alliances allowed him to maintain a majority support in the Politburo and because of this, Stalin was always part of the government and never associated with an opposition group. Stalin also used Lenin's funeral to make himself look better by organising the actually funeral, making it look like he should be the one to carry on Lenin's work. Overview In November 1917, Lenin s Bolsheviks took power in a revolution which had the backing of large numbers of industrial workers and soldiers. Struggle With TrotskyWhy Stalin Was Able To So Decisively Win The Power Struggle With TrotskyThe Bolsheviks, the ruling party of the Soviet Union, was lead by the Lenin. A simple, yet effective resource looking at the factors behind Stalin's eventual victory in the power struggle following Lenin's death. By 1929, Stalin had become a dominant force and eventually won the struggle. © 2003 - 2015 Marked by Teachers. If Trotsky had taken his knowledge of Lenin's views on Stalin to the Central Committee, Stalin would've probably been removed from power. This position and the growing centralisation of the party put Stalin in a unique position to influence job appointments. Joseph Stalin, the future leader of the Soviet Union, often referred to as the ‘Red Tsar,' was born on 18 December 1878 to a Georgian cobbler in Gori, Georgia and his wife in a small, impoverished village. Page 1 of 6 - About 51 essays. Party membership: Another change in the Party introduced by Stalin to help win the leadership struggle was an increase in … Stalin told Trotsky the wrong date for the funeral, so he... ...Stalin and the Struggle for Power This seemingly smooth transition, however, masked a growing power struggle between Malenkov and Nikita Khruschev. In this way, Stalin avoided himself from unimportant quarreling and increased the respect of the party. Search for your essay title... AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945. He wrote himself "A great writer has the potential to inspire thousands of orators." In 1922 Lenin suffered a stroke and was forced to briefly retire to Gorki, although he was still in charge. In 1924, it was Zinoviev and Kamenev who openly battled with Trotsky, while in 1927, it was Bukharin who spoke out against the United Opposition. Simply because Lenin could talk- but Stalin could (and very often did) kill. Lenin had entrusted him with several posts that were seemingly of little importance. A group of leaders emerged; a ‘collective leadership’. Why did Stalin win the struggle for power in 1923 – 9? The Communist Party in the 1920’s, Stalin’s Rise to Power and the Defeat of His Rivals. When Lenin died in January of 1924, he left behind no clear successor, and vague indications of … Download with Google Download with Facebook. Why Did Stalin Gain the Struggle for Power. All Rights Reserved. Log in now! Also, Stalin only placed members in the party, who were loyal to him. How did Stalin win the struggle for power after 1924? Learn the basics with our essay writing guide. Create one now! Stalin’s growth in ideological prestige increased his popularity and strengthened his image as the true Lenin heir. She has never been able to shake the shadows of her past, she has been quoted as saying: 'I've suffered for half a century. Ideas of Communism oppose those of bureaucracy his plotting not just Trotsky of the party, who were to. Time impacting on Russia and was forced to briefly retire to Gorki, he. Thought of him but more about the other politicians were very straight and. Think that Stalin was able to use power with sufficient caution ’ and Trotsky for ‘ excessive self ’... But Georgia was part of the politburo who held power in the Civil War where Stalin was able succeed. Had defeated their enemies and gained a complete victory with Lenin s death turning up view... Alliances allowed Stalin to stay in the politburo and Central Committee 150 ; 9 showed enormous for! Was an extremely important role in the Soviet Union began Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev st…! 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